Life Cycle Assessment of Environment-Compatible Flame Retardants: Prototypical Case Study
Enfiro Film
Prioritization and selection
Hazard characterization
Exposure, fate and modelling
FR capability studies
Product application studies
Case Studies
ENFIRO Stakeholder
A practical approach is followed, in which the alternative FRs are evaluated regarding their flame retardant properties, their influence on the function of products once incorporated, and their environmental and toxicological properties. This is achieved by performing case studies, which gather a comprehensive set of information on environmental behaviour and toxicological impact, as well as an assessment of the performance of the FR in a specific application. The case studies give recommendations for industrial and governmental stakeholders. ENFIRO starts with a prioritization and selection phase the most promising three FR/product combinations are defined for further detailed studies on: hazard characterization, exposure and fate, FRs emissions and fire retarding information (FR capability studies), technical suitability of the FRs when used as such or as mixtures in specific applications (PCBs, coatings, etc.). The information is collected and analysed in a risk assessment. After collection of socio-economic information on the FR/product combinations together with the risk assessment the outcome is digested in a life-cycle assessment, including an analysis of costs and socio-economic aspects. This will finally result in a recommendation of certain FR/product combinations.ENFIRO follows a novel three level alternative assessment